8th INFANTRY DIVISION  "GOLDEN ARROW" + "PATHFINDER"

 

 

The 8th Infantry Division was known as both the "Golden Arrow" and "Pathfinder" division during World War II. Both nicknames originated from the division's insignia, the golden arrow piercing the white "8" on a blue shield.

 
ACTIVATED
1 July 1940, Camp Jackson, South Carolina.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
15 December 1943
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
4 July 1944 ( D + 28 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 16 July 1944
Entire Division 8 July 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
( February 1943 - 11 July 1944 ) ( 12 July 1944 - 28 November 1944 ) ( 28 November 1944 - 7 January 1945 )
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 Maj. Gen. William C. McMahon Maj. Gen. Donald A. Stroh Brig. Gen. William G. Weaver
     
     
( 8 January 1945 - 13 January 1945 ) ( 14 January 1945 - 24 February 1945 ) ( 25 February 1945 - November 1945 )
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Brig Gen James A Pickering (Actg) Maj. Gen. William G. Weaver Maj. Gen. Bryant E. Moore
     
 
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
13th Infantry Regiment
28th Infantry Regiment
121st Infantry Regiment
8th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
12th Engineer Combat Battalion
8th Medical Battalion
 
8th Division Artillery
43rd Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
45th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
56th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
28th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
708th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
8th Quartermaster Company 
8th Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  30 November 1943: Attached to First Army.

  24 December 1943: XV Corps.

  1 July 1941: VIII Corps, attached to First Army.

  1 August 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  5 September 1944: VIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  22 October 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  19 November 1944: V Corps

  18 December 1944: VII Corps.

  20 December 1944: Attached, with the entire First Army, to the British 21st Army Group.

  22 December 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  3 February 1945: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  2 April 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps.

  26 April 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached for operations to the British Second Army in the British 21st Army Group.   
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORMANDY ( 6 June 1944 - 24 July 1944 ) (active)
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

After training in Ireland the 8th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, Normandy, 4 July 1944, and entered combat on the 7th. Fighting through the hedgerows, it crossed the Ay River, 26 July, pushed through Rennes, 8 August, and attacked Brest in September. The Crozon Peninsula was cleared, 19 September, and the Division drove across France to Luxembourg, moved to the Hurtgen Forest, 20 November, cleared Hurtgen on the 28th and Brandenburg, 3 December, and pushed on to the Roer. That river was crossed on 23 February 1945, Duren taken on the 25th and the Erft Canal crossed on the 28th. The 8th reached the Rhine near Rodenkirchen, 7 March, and maintained positions along the river near Koln. On 6 April the Division attacked northwest to aid in the destruction of enemy forces in the Ruhr Pocket, and by the 17th had completed its mission. After security duty, the Division, under operational control of the British Second Army, drove across the Elbe, 1 May, and penetrated to Schwerin when the war in Europe ended. 

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

10 July 1945, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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