8th ARMORED DIVISION "THUNDERING HERD"

 

 

The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. The symbols represent the characteristics of Armored Divisions; the tank track, mobility and armor protection; the cannon, firepower; and the red bolt of lightning, shock action.

 
ACTIVATED
1 April 1942, Fort Knox, Kentucky.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
21 November 1944
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
6 January 1945 ( D + 213 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 19 January 1945
Entire Division 23 February 1945
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( October 1944 - August 1945 )  
   
  Maj. Gen. John M. Devine  
     
   
     
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
Headquarters Company
Reserve Command
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
18th Tank Battalion
36th Tank Battalion
80th Tank Battalion
7th Armored Infantry Battalion
49th Armored Infantry Battalion
58th Armored Infantry Battalion
88th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized)
53rd Armored Engineer Battalion
148th Armored Signal Company
 
8th Armored Division Artillery
389th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
399th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
405th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
   
8th Armored Division Trains
130th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
78th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  8 January 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group.

  12 January 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  1 February 1945: XVI Corps, Ninth Army, attached to the British 21st Army Group, 12th Army Group.

  1 April 1945: XIX Corps.

  4 April 1945: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  9 April 1945: XVI Corps.

  12 April 1945: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  15 April 1945: XIX Corps.
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  ARDENNES-ALSACE ( 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

After training at Tidworth, England, the 8th Armored Division landed in France, 5 January 1945, and assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy. In mid-January the Division raced 350 miles across France to Pont-aMousson to help stem the German drive for Strasbourg, but, finding the enemy already halted, went into training. One element, Combat Command A, took part in the Third Army drive against the MoselleSaar salient, supporting the 94th Division attack on Nennig, Berg, and Sinz, 19-28 January 1945. The Division moved to Simpelveld, Holland, and continued training during the first half of February 1945. On 19 February the Division moved to Roermond, Holland, and launched a diversionary attack, pushing the enemy north of the Heide woods and east of the Roer River. The 8th crossed the Roer, 27 February, and began its drive to the Rhine, taking Tetelrath, Oberkruchten, and Lintfort in hard fighting. After a period of rest and training in mid-March, the Division crossed the Rhine, 26 March, and attacked Dorsten, which was cleared in the face of stubborn resistance. It crossed the Lippe River and entered the battle for the Ruhr Pocket, taking Neuhaus and cleaning out the Soest sector. The Division then shifted south to Wolfenbuttel, mopping up resistance in the area, continued south to Blankenberg, clearing the Harz Mountain region. This was its last combat activity in the war. On 23 April the Division went on occupation duty in the Harz Mountain area.

 

INACTIVATED

13 November 1945, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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