84th INFANTRY DIVISION "RAILSPLITTERS"

 

 

During World War I the 84th Division was referred to as the "Lincoln" division because it was primarily made up of National Guard units from Illinois, Kentucky, and Indiana ( the Lincoln states ). Its original insignia was a red ax on a white background within a red circle, with the name "Lincoln" above the ax and the number "84" below it. The present insignia consists of a white ax splitting a white rail on a red circular background. Both insignias recall President Lincoln's youthful use of the ax. With the addition of a split rail, the division adopted the new nickname of "Railsplitters".

 
ACTIVATED
15 October 1942, Camp Howze, Texas.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
1 October 1944
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
1 November 1944 ( D +158 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 9 November 1944
Entire Division 18 November 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( June 1944 to inactivation 21 January 1946 )  
   
  Maj. Gen. Alexander R. Bolling  
     
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
333rd Infantry Regiment
334th Infantry Regiment
335th Infantry Regiment
84th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
309th Engineer Combat Battalion
309th Medical Battalion
 
84th Division Artillery
325th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
326th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
909th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
327th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
784th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
84th Quartermaster Company 
84th Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  10 September 1944: Ninth Army, ETOUSA.

  21 September 1944: III Corps.

  4 November 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  8 November 1944: XIII Corps.

  11 November 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached for operations to the British XXX Corps, British Second Army, British 21st Army Group.

  23 November 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  20 December 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the XVIII (Abn) Corps of First Army, itself attached to the British 21st Army Group.

  20 December 1944: VII Corps.

  22 December 1944: VII Corps, First Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  18 January 1945: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  23 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps.

  3 February 1945: XIII Corps, Ninth Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  4 April 1945: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.         
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  ARDENNES-ALSACE ( 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

The 84th Infantry Division arrived in England, 1 October 1944, and trained. It landed on Omaha Beach, 1 - 4 November 1944, and moved to the vicinity of Gulpen, Holland, 5 - 12 November. The Division entered combat, 18 November, with an attack on Geilenkirchen, Germany, as part of the larger offensive in the Roer Valley, north of Aachen. Taking Geilenkirchen, 19 November, the Division pushed forward to take Beeck and Lindern in the face of heavy enemy resistance, 29 November. After a short rest, the Division returned to the fight, taking Wurm and Mullendorf, 18 December, before moving to Belgium to help stem the German winter offensive. Battling in snow, sleet, and rain, the Division threw off German attacks, recaptured Verdenne, 24 - 28 December, took Beffe and Devantave, 4 - 6 January 1945, and seized Laroche, 11 January. By 16 January, the Bulge had been reduced. After a 5-day respite, the 84th resumed the offensive, taking Gouvy and Beho. On 7 February, the Division assumed responsibility for the Roer River zone, between Linnich and Himmerich, and trained for the river crossing. On 23 February 1945, the Division cut across the Roer, took Boisheim and Dulken, 1 March, crossed the Niers Canal on the 2d, took Krefeld, 3 March, and reached the Rhine by 5 March. The Division trained along the west bank of the river in March. After crossing the Rhine, 1 April, the Division drove from Lembeck toward Bielefeld in conjunction with the 5th Armored Division, crossing the Weser River to capture Hanover, 10 April. By 13 April, the Division had reached the Elbe, and halted its advance, patrolling along the river. The Russians were contacted at Balow, 2 May 1945. The Division remained on occupation duty in Germany after VE-day, returning to the United States in January 1946 for demobilization.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

20 January 1946, New York Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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