83rd INFANTRY DIVISION "THUNDERBOLT"

 

 

The 83rd Division insignia consists of a monogrammatic design in gold spelling out the word "O-H-I-O" on a black triangular background. The insignia was selected during World War I because the division contained mostly Ohio draftees. Even though the division changed from an Ohio outfit to one representing the 48 States, the insignia still remains; however, a new nickname "Thunderbolt", was selected while the division was holding on the Rhine opposite Dusseldorf.

 
ACTIVATED
15 August 1942, Camp Atterbury, Indiana.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
19 April 1944
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
19 June 1944 ( D + 13 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
 27 June 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( January 1944 - 31 January 1946 )   
  No Image Available  
  Maj. Gen. Robert C. Macon  
     
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
329th Infantry Regiment
330th Infantry Regiment
331st Infantry Regiment
83rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
308th Engineer Combat Battalion
308th Medical Battalion
 
83rd Division Artillery
322nd Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
323rd Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
908th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
324th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
783rd Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
83rd Quartermaster Company 
83rd Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band


 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  8 April 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army.

  25 June 1944: Third Army, but attached to the VIII Corps of First Army.

  1 July 1944: VII Corps.

  15 July 1944: VIII Corps.

  1 August 1944: XV Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  3 August 1944: VIII Corps.

  5 September 1944: VIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  10 September 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  21 September 1944: XX Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  11 October 1944: VIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  22 October 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  8 November 1944: XX Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  11 November 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  7 December 1944: VII Corps. 20 December 1944: Attached, with the entire First Army, to the British 21st Army Group.

  22 December 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army (attached to the British 21st Army Group).

  26 December 1944: VII Corps, First Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  16 February 1945: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  8 May 1945: XIII Corps.
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORMANDY ( 6 June 1944 - 24 July 1944 ) (active)
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  ARDENNES-ALSACE ( 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

The 83d Infantry Division arrived in England on 16 April 1944. After training in Wales, the Division landed at Omaha Beach, 18 June 1944, and entered the hedgerow struggle south of Carentan, 27 June. Taking the offensive, the 83d reached the St. Lo-Periers Road, 25 July, and advanced 8 miles against strong opposition as the Normandy campaign ended. After a period of training, elements of the Division took Chateauneuf, 5 August, and Dinard, 7 August, and approached the heavily fortified area protecting St. Malo. Intense fighting reduced enemy strong points and a combined attack against the Citadel Fortress of St. Servan caused its surrender, 17 August. While elements moved south to protect the north bank of the Loire River, the main body of the Division concentrated south of Rennes for patrolling and reconnaissance activities. Elements reduced the garrison at Ile de Cezembre, which surrendered, 2 September. The movement into Luxembourg was completed on 25 September. Taking Remich on the 28th and patrolling defensively along the Moselle, the 83d resisted counterattacks and advanced to Siegfried Line defenses across the Sauer after capturing Grevenmacher and Echternach, 7 October. As the initial movement in operation "Unicorn," the Division took Le Stromberg Hill in the vicinity of Basse Konz against strong opposition, 5 November, and beat off counterattacks. Moving to the Hurtgen Forest, the 83d thrust forward from Gressenich to the west bank of the Roer. It entered the Battle of the Bulge, 27 December, striking at Rochefort and reducing the enemy salient in a bitter struggle. The Division moved back to Belgium and Holland for rehabilitation and training, 22 January 1945. On 1 March, the 83d advanced toward the Rhine in the operation "Grenade," and captured Neuss. The west bank of the Rhine from North of Oberkassell to the Erft Canal was cleared and defensive positions established by 2 March and the Division renewed its training. The 83d crossed the Rhine south of Wesel, 29 March, and advanced across the Munster Plain to the Weser, crossing it at Bodenwerder. As opposition disintegrated, Halle fell on 6 April. The Division crossed the Leine, 8 April, and attacked to the east, pushing over the Harz Mountain region and advancing to the Elbe at Barby. That city was taken on the 13th. The 83d established a bridgehead over the river but evacuated the area to the Russians on 6 May 1945.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

26 March1946, New York Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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