7th ARMORED DIVISION "LUCKY SEVENTH"

 

 

The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. The symbols represent the characteristics of Armored Divisions; the tank track, mobility and armor protection; the cannon, firepower; and the red bolt of lightning, shock action.

 
ACTIVATED
1 March 1942, at Camp Polk, Louisiana.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
13 June 1944
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
10 August 1944 ( D + 65 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 13 August 1944
Enitre division 14 August 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
(  13  June 1944 -  31 October 1944 ) (  1 November 1944 -  August 1945 )
No Image Available No Image Available
Maj. Gen. Lindsay M. Silverster Maj. Gen. Robert W. Hasbrouck
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
Headquarters Company
Reserve Command
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
17th Tank Battalion
31st Tank Battalion
40th Tank Battalion
23rd Armored Infantry Battalion
38th Armored Infantry Battalion
48th Armored Infantry Battalion
87th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized)
33rd Armored Engineer Battalion
147th Armored Signal Company
 
7th Armored Division Artillery
434th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
440th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
489th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
   
7th Armored Division Trains
129th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
77th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  30 July 1944: First Army.

  1 August 1944: First Army, 12th Army Group.

  5 August 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  10 August 1944: XX Corps.

  25 September 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  8 October 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the British VIII Corps, British 21st Army Group.

  9 November 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  16 December 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  20 December 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army (attached, same date, to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  18 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  29 January 1945: V Corps.

  7 March 1945: III Corps.

  19 April 1945: V Corps.

  30 April 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps.
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  ARDENNES-ALSACE ( 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

The Division landed on Omaha and Utah Beaches, 13-14 August 1944, and drove through Nogent-le-Rotrou in an attack on Chartres. The city fell on 18 August. From Chartres the Division advanced to capture Dreux, Melun, and Chateau-Thierry, crossed the Seine River, 24 August, and pushed on to take Verdun, 31 August. The 7th halted briefly for refueling and then drove on toward the Moselle near Dornot. The Division was repulsed in its attacks across the Seille River. The 7th then shifted to Holland, where on 8 October it joined in defensive operations protecting the British-Canadian drive to clear the northern and western approaches to Antwerp. After resting during November, the Division returned to the front near Linnich, Germany, on the banks of the Roer. It was preparing to drive into Germany when the Von Rundstedt winter offensive began on 16 December 1944. The Division was ordered to St. Vith where it absorbed much of the weight of the German drive and was forced to withdraw west of the Salm River, 23 December. It shifted to Manhay, Belgium, and by the end of December had cleared the town of the enemy. After a brief rest in January 1945, the Division returned to positions near St. Vith, attacked, and captured the town. February and part of March were spent in rest and rehabilitation. In March 1945 the Division held defensive positions along the west bank of the Rhine, south of Bonn to Unkelbach. The 7th returned to the offensive on 26 March, breaking out of the Remagen bridgehead, and took part in the reduction of the Ruhr Pocket. On 16 April the 53d German Panzer Corps surrendered to the Division and the eastern sector of the pocket collapsed. The Division then cut across the Elbe and swept north into Mecklenburg, effecting a junction with the Russians as the war in Europe ended.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

9 October 1945, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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