30th INFANTRY DIVISION "OLD HICKORY"

 

 

The "Old Hickory" Division shoulder patch was designed for 30th Division troops of World War I in honor of President Andrew Jackson, Tennessee statesman who led troops from Tennessee and the Carolinas in the War of 1812. When this insignia was first issued in France in 1918, it was inadvertently worn with the "O" on its side, but was changed in 1940 to the upright position. The insignia combines the initials "O" and "H" and the Roman numeral "XXX" in blue, with an ovalshaped background in red. 

 
ACTIVATED
16 September 1940, Fort Jackson, South Carolina.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
22 February 1944
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
14 June 1944 ( D + 8 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 15 June 1944
Entire Division 15 July 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( 22 February 1944 - September 1945 )  
   
  Maj. Gen. Leland S. Hobbs  
     
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
117th Infantry Regiment
119th Infantry Regiment
120th Infantry Regiment
30th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
105th Engineer Combat Battalion
105th Medical Battalion
 
30th Division Artillery
118th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
197th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
230th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
113th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
730th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
30th Quartermaster Company 
30th Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  18 February 1944: XIX Corps, First Army.

  15 July 1944: VII Corps.

  28 July 1944: XIX Corps.

  1 August 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  4 August 1944: V Corps.

  5 August 1944: VII Corps.

  13 August 1944: XIX Corps.

  26 August 1944: XV Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to First Army.

  29 August 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  22 October 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  17 December 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to V Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  21 December 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps, and attached, with the First Army, to the British 21st Army Group.

  18 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  3 February 1945: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  6 March 1945: XVI Corps.

  30 March 1945: XIX Corps.

   8 May 1945: XIII Corps.
 
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORMANDY ( 6 June 1944 - 24 July 1944 ) (active)
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  ARDENNES-ALSACE ( 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

The 30th Infantry Division arrived in England, 22 February 1944, and trained until June. It landed at Omaha Beach, Normandy, 15 June 1944, secured the Vire-et-Taute Canal, crossed the Vire River, 7 July, and, beginning on 25 July spearheaded the St. Lo break-through. The day after the Division relieved the 1st Infantry Division near Mortain on 6 August, the German drive to Avranches began. Fighting in place with all available personnel, the 30th frustrated enemy plans and broke the enemy spearhead in a week of violent struggle, 7 to 12 August. The Division drove east through Belgium, crossing the Meuse River at Vise and Liege, 10 September. Elements entered Holland on the 12th, and Maastricht fell the next day. Taking up positions along the Wurm River, the 30th launched its attack on the Siegfried Line, 2 October 1944, and succeeded in contacting the 1st Division, 16 October, and encircling Aachen. After a rest period, the Division eliminated an enemy salient northeast of Aachen, 16 November, pushed to the Inde River at Altdorf, 28 November, then moved to rest areas. On 17 December the Division rushed south to the Malmedy-Stavelot area to help block the powerful enemy drive in the Battle of the Ardennes. It launched a counteroffensive on 13 January 1945 and reached a point 2 miles south of St. Vith, 26 January, before leaving the Battle of the Bulge and moving to an assembly area near Lierneux, 27 January, and to another near Aachen to prepare for the Roer offensive. The Roer River was crossed, 23 February 1945, near Julich. The 30th moved back for training and rehabilitation, 6 March, and on 24 March made its assault crossing of the Rhine. It pursued the enemy across Germany, mopping up enemy pockets of resistance, took Hamelin, 7 April, Braunschweig on the 12th, and helped reduce Magdeburg on the 17th. The Russians were contacted at Grunewald on the Elbe River. After a short occupation period, the 30th began moving for home, arriving 19 August 1945.

 
 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

21 August 1945, New York Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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