2nd INFANTRY DIVISION "INDIANHEAD"

 

 

The division insignia, according to legend, is the creation of a driver of the division who painted it on the side of his truck with such success that the resulting design evolved into the insignia of the 2d Division.

 
ACTIVATED
21 September 1917
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
19 October 1943
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
7 June 1944 ( D + 1 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements  7 June 1944
Entire Division 12 June 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( May 1942 - 1 December 1943 )  
   
  Maj. Gen. Walter M. Robertson  
     
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
9th Infantry Regiment
23rd Infantry Regiment
38th Infantry Regiment
2nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
2nd Engineer Combat Battalion
2nd Medical Battalion
 
2nd Division Artillery
15th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
37th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
38th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
12th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
702nd Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
2nd Quartermaster Company 
2nd Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  22 October 1943: Attached to First Army.

  24 December 1943: XV Corps, but attached to First Army.

  14 April 1944: V Corps, First Army.

  1 August 1944: V Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  17 August 1944: XIX Corps.

  18 August 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  5 September 1944: VIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  22 October 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  11 December 1944: V Corps.

  20 December 1944: Attached, with the entire First Army, to the British 21st Army Group.

  18 January 1945: V Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  28 April 1945: VII Corps.

  1 May 1945: V Corps.

  6 May 1945: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORMANDY ( 6 June 1944 - 24 July 1944 ) (active)
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  ARDENNES-ALSACE ( 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

After training in Ireland and Wales from October 1943 to June 1944, the 2d Infantry Division crossed the channel to land on Omaha Beach on D plus 1, 7 June 1944, near St. Laurent-sur-Mer. Attacking across the Aure River, the Division liberated Trevieres, 10 June, and proceeded to assault and secure Hill 192, the key enemy strongpoint on the road to St. Lo. With the hill taken 11 July 1944, the Division went on the defensive until 26 July. Exploiting the St. Lo break-through, the 2d Division advanced across the Vire to take Tinchebray 15 August 1944. The Division then moved west to join the battle for Brest, the heavily defended fortress surrendering 18 September 1944 after a 39-day contest. The Division took a brief rest 19-26 September before moving to defensive positions at St. Vith. The German Ardennes offensive in mid-December forced the Division to withdraw to defensive positions near Elsenborn, where the German drive was halted. In February 1945 the Division attacked, recapturing lost ground, and seized Gemund, 4 March. Reaching the Rhine 9 March, the 2d advanced south to take Breisig, 10-11 March, and to guard the Remagen bridge, 12-20 March. The Division crossed the Rhine 21 March and advanced to Hadamar and Limburg, relieving elements of the 9th Armored Division, 28 March. Advancing rapidly in the wake of the 9th Armored, the 2d Division crossed the Weser at Veckerhagen, 6-7 April, captured. Gottingen 8 April, established a bridgehead across the Saale, 14 April, seizing Merseburg on the 15th. On the 18th the Division took Leipzig, mopped up in the area, and outposted the Mulde River; elements which had crossed the river were withdrawn 24 April. Relieved on the Mulde, the 2d moved 200 miles, 1-3 May, to positions along the GermanCzech border near Schonsee and Waldmunchen, and attacked in the general direction of Pilsen, reaching that city as the war in Europe ended.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

20 July 1945, New York Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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