2nd ARMORED DIVISION "HELL ON WHEELS"

 

 

The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. The symbols represent the characteristics of Armored Divisions; the tank track, mobility and armor protection; the cannon, firepower; and the red bolt of lightning, shock action.

 
ACTIVATED
15 July 1940, Fort Benning, Georgia.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
24 November 1943
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
9 June 1944 ( D + 3 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 13 June 1944 *
Entire Division 2 July 1944
 
* Previous Combat: North Africa Campaign, and Sicily Campaign
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 

( 24 November 1943 - 17 March 1944 )

( 18 March 1944 - 11 September 1944 )
Maj. Gen. Hugh J. Gaffey Maj. Gen. Edward H. Brooks
   
   
( 12 September 1944 - 17 January 1945 )  ( 18 January 1945 - August 1945 )
Maj. Gen. Ernest N. Harmon Maj. Gen. Isaac D. White
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
Headquarters Company
Service Company
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
41st Armored Infantry Regiment
66th Armored Regiment
67th Armored Regiment
17th Armored Engineer Battalion
82nd Armored Reconnaissance Battalion
142nd Armored Signal Company
 
2nd Armored Division Artillery
14th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
78th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
92nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
   
2nd Armored Division Trains
2nd Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
Supply Battalion
48th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  24 November 1943: First Army.

  27 November 1943: VII Corps.

  8 February 1944: XIX Corps.

  12 June 1944: V Corps.

  18 July 1944: VII Corps.

  1 August 1944: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  3 August 1944: XIX Corps.

  7 August 1944: VII Corps.

  13 August 1944: XIX Corps.

  18 August 1944: V Corps.

  19 August 1944: XIX Corps.
  28 August 1944: XV Corps.
  29 August 1944: XIX Corps.
  22 October 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
  22 December 1944: VII Corps, First Army (attached to the British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  18 January 1945: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
  16 February 1945: XIX Corps, Ninth Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  4 April 1945: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

 

8 May 1945: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORMANDY ( 6 June 1944 - 24 July 1944 ) (active)
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  ARDENNES-ALSACE ( 16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

Elements of the Division first saw action in North Africa, landing at Casablanca, 8 November 1942, and later taking part in the fighting at Beja, Tunisia, but the Division as a whole did not enter combat until the invasion of Sicily, when it made an assault landing at Gela, 10 July 1943. The Division saw action at Butera, Campobello,-and Palermo. After the Sicilian campaign, the Division trained in England for the cross-Channel invasion, landed in Normandy D plus 3, 9 June 1944, and went into action in the vicinity of Carentan; the Division raced across France in July and August, drove through Belgium and attacked across the Albert Canal near Hasselt, 13 September 1944, crossing the German border near Sittard, 18 September to take up defensive positions near Geilenkirchen. On 3 October, the Division launched an attack on the Siegfried Line from Marienberg, broke through, crossed the Wurm River and seized Puffendorf 16 November and Barmen 28 November. The Division was holding positions on the Roer when it was ordered to help contain the German Ardennes offensive. The Division fought in eastern Belgium, blunting the German Fifth Panzer Army's penetration of American lines. The Division helped reduce the Bulge in January, fighting in the Ardennes forest in deep snow, and cleared the area from Houffalize to the Ourthe River of the enemy. After a rest in February, the Division drove on across the Rhine 27 March, and was the first American Division to reach the Elbe at Schonebeck on 11 April. It was halted on the Elbe, 20 April, on orders. In July the Division entered Berlin-the first American unit to enter the German capital city.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

29 January 1946, Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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