29th INFANTRY DIVISION "BLUE & GRAY"

 

 

The division insignia, as suggested by Major J. A. Ulio (later Major General, the Adjutant General), then Division Adjutant, is the monad, the Korean symbol of eternal life. It is half blue and half gray in matching teardrop design. The colors represent the tradition of the division, composed of men of both North and South, whose forefathers fought in the Union (blue) and Confederate (gray) Armies during the Civil War.

 
ACTIVATED
3 February 1941, Washington, District of Columbia.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
11 October 1942
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
6 June 1944 ( D Day )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 6 June 1944
Entire Division 7 June 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( 22 July 1943 - to inactivation 17 January 1946 )  
   
  Maj. Gen. Charles H. Gerhardt  
     
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
115th Infantry Regiment
116th Infantry Regiment
175th Infantry Regiment
29th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
121st Engineer Combat Battalion
104th Medical Battalion
 
29th Division Artillery
110th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
111th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
224th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
227th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
729th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
29th Quartermaster Company 
29th Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  22 October 1943: V Corps, First Army.

   4 June 1944: XIX Corps.

  1 August 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  12 August 1944: V Corps.

  19 August 1944: First Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.

  5 September 1944: VIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  21 September 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  22 October 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  20 December 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  23 December 1944: XIII Corps.

  4 February 1945: XIX Corps.

  29 March 1945: XVI Corps.

  4 April 1945: XVI Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  5 April 1945: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  12 April 1945: XVI Corps.

  17 April 1945: XIII Corps.

  4 May 1945: XVI Corps. 
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORMANDY ( 6 June 1944 - 24 July 1944 ) (active)
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

The 29th Infantry Division trained in Scotland and England for the cross channel invasion, October 1942-June 1944. Teamed with the 1st Division, a regiment of the 29th (116th Infantry) was in the first assault wave to hit the beaches at Normandy on D-day, 6 June 1944. Landing on Omaha Beach on the same day in the face of intense enemy fire, the Division soon secured the bluff tops and occupied Isigny, 9 June. The Division cut across the Elle River and advanced slowly toward St. Lo, fighting bitterly in the Normandy hedge rows. After taking St. Lo, 18 July 1944, the Division joined in the battle for Vire, capturing that strongly held city, 7 August. Turning west, the 29th took part in the assault on Brest, 25 August-18 September 1944. After a short rest, the Division moved to defensive positions along the Teveren-Geilenkirchen line in Germany and maintained those positions through October. (In mid-October the 116th Infantry took part in the fighting at the Aachen Gap.) On 16 November the Division began its drive to the Roer, blasting its way through Siersdorf, Setterich, Durboslar, and Bettendorf, and reaching the Roer by the end of the month. Heavy fighting reduced Julich Sportplatz and the Hasenfeld Gut, 8 December. From 8 December 1944 to 23 February 1945, the Division held defensive positions along the Roer and prepared for the offensive. The attack jumped off across the Roer, 23 February, and carried the Division through Julich, Broich, Immerath, and Titz, to Munchen-Gladbach, 1 March 1945. The Division was out of combat in March. In early April the 116th Infantry helped mop up in the Ruhr area. On 19 April 1945 the Division pushed to the Elbe and held defensive positions until 4 May. Meanwhile, the 175th Infantry cleared the Klotze Forest. After VE-day, the Division was on military government duty in the Bremen enclave.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

16 January 1946, New York Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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