104th INFANTRY DIVISION "TIMBERWOLF"

 

 

The division insignia is a gray Timberwolf's head on a balsam green disc. It was designed by Charles Livingston Bull, artist and authority on wild life, and represents the northwest. It was in this section of the country that the 104th conducted its training in 1942-43 when it was activated.

 
ACTIVATED
15 September 1942
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
7 September 1944
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
7 September 1944 ( D + 93 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
First elements 23 October 1944
Entire Division 24 October 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( 2 October 1943 -  31 October 1945 )  
   
  Maj. Gen. Terry de la Mesa Allen  
     
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
413th Infantry Regiment
414th Infantry Regiment
415th Infantry Regiment
104th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
329th Engineer Combat Battalion
329th Medical Battalion
 
104th Division Artillery
385th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
386th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
929th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
387th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
804th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
104th Quartermaster Company 
104th Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  5 September 1944, III Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.

  15 October 1944, Ninth Army, but attached for operations to the British I Corps, Canadian First Army, British 21st Army Group.

  5 November 1944, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  8 November 1944, VII Corps.

  20 December 1944, VII Corps, First Army (attached to the British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  21 December 1944, XIX Corps, Ninth Army (attached to the British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  3 February 1945, VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.  
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  NORTHERN FRANCE ( 25 July 1944 - 14 September 1944 ) (active)
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

The 104th Infantry Division landed in France on 7 September 1944. It moved into defensive positions in the vicinity of Wuestwezel, Belgium, 23 October 1944, and went over to the, offensive on the 26th, taking Zundert, gaining control of the Breda-Roosendaal Road and overrunning Vaart Canal defenses. Leur and Etten fell as the Division advanced to the Mark River, 31 October. A coordinated attack over the Mark River at Standaarduiten, 2 November 1944, established a bridgehead. Zevenbergen was captured and the Maas River reached on 5 November. While the bulk of the Division moved near Aachen, Germany, elements remained to secure Moerdijk before being relieved on 7 November. The 104th attacked, 16 November, taking Stolberg and pushing on against heavy resistance. Eschweiler fell on the 21st and the enemy was cleared from the area west of the Inde River including Inden by 2 December. Lucherberg was held against enemy counterattacks on 3 December, and all strongholds west of the Roer River were captured by the 23d. The 104th actively defended its sector near Duren and Merken from 15 December 1944 to 22 February 1945. Then it moved across the Roer taking Huchem-Stammeln, Birkesdorf, and North Duren. On 5 March, after heavy fighting, it entered Koln. After defending the west bank of the Rhine, the Division crossed the river at Honnef, 22 March 1945, and attacked to the east of the Remagen bridgehead. After a period of mopping up and consolidation, it participated in the trap of enemy troops in the Ruhr pocket. The 104th repulsed heavy attacks near Medebach and captured Paderborn, 1 April 1945. After regrouping, it advanced to the east and crossed the Weser River on the 8th, blocking enemy exits from the Harz Mountains. The Division then crossed the Saale River and took Halle in a bitter 5-day struggle, 15 to 19 April. The sector to the Mulde River was cleared by the 21st, and after vigorous patrolling, the Division contacted the Red Army at Pretzsch, 26 April. The 104th left for home and inactivation 27 June.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

3 July 1945, New York, Port of Embarkation.

 
 

 

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