102nd INFANTRY DIVISION "OZARK"

 

 

The division insignia combines a golden "O", "Z", and an arc on a circular blue background to spell out the nickname of the division, "Ozark". In 1921, the division became part of the Organized Reserve and was allocated to the states of Arkansas and Missouri, the Ozark region, and therefore adopted the design. When the French settled in this area, they found it inhabited by Indians who were very proficient with the bow and arrow, and they therefore called the entire region "Terre aux arcs" or "Bow Country". "Ozark" is an Americanization of "aux arcs", and the arc in the insignia actually represents an Indian bow and signifies marksmanship. Gold and blue are the colors which tradition has always associated with valor and distinction.

 
ACTIVATED
15 September 1942, Camp Maxey, Texas.
 
 
ARRIVAL EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)
22 September 1944 ( arrived United Kingdom but did not disembark )
 
 
ARRIVAL CONTINENT (FRANCE)
23 September 1944 ( D + 109 )
 
 
ENTERED COMBAT (ETO)
26 October 1944
 
 
COMMANDING GENERAL (ETO)
 
  ( 22 September 1944 - February 1946 )  
   
  Maj. Gen. Frank A. Keating  
     
   
 
 

ORGANIC UNITS

   
405th Infantry Regiment
406th Infantry Regiment
407th Infantry Regiment
102nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
327th Engineer Combat Battalion
327th Medical Battalion
 
102nd Division Artillery
379th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
380th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
927th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)
381st Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)
   
Special Troops
802nd Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
102nd Quartermaster Company 
102nd Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS ( ETO )

 

  28 August 1944, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group

  5 September 1944, III Corps.

  10 October 1944, XVI Corps.

  3 November 1944, XIX Corps.

  7 November 1944, XIII Corps.

  20 December 1944, XIII Corps, Ninth Army (attached to the British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.

  1 April 1945, XIII Corps (for administration), Ninth Army, but attached for operations to the Fifteenth Army.

  4 April 1945, XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group. 
 

 CAMPAIGNS (ETO)

 
  RHINELAND ( 15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945 ) (active)
  CENTRAL EUROPE  ( 22 March 1945 - 11 May 1945 ) (active)
 
 

COMBAT CHRONICLE

The 102d Infantry Division arrived at Cherbourg, France, 23 September 1944, and, after a short period of training near Valognes, moved to the German-Netherlands border. On 26 October, elements attached to other divisions entered combat and on 3 November the Division assumed responsibility for the sector from the Wurm River to Waurichen. A realinement of sectors and the return of elements placed the 102d in full control of its units for the first time, 24 November 1944, as it prepared for an attack to the Roer. The attack jumped off, 29 November, and carried the Division to the river through Welz, Flossdorf, and Linnich. After a period of aggressive patrolling along the Roer, 4-19 December, the Division took over the XIII Corps sector from the Wurm River, north of the village of Wurm, to Barmen on the south, and trained for river crossing. On 23 February 1945, the 102d attacked across the Roer, advanced toward Lovenich, bypassed Munchen-Gladbach, took Krefeld, 3 March, and reached the Rhine. During March the Division was on the defensive along the Rhine, its sector extending from Homburg south to Dusseldorf. Crossing the river in April, the Division attacked in the Wesergebirge, meeting stiff opposition. Wilsede and Hessisch-Oldendorf fell, 12 April 1945, and the 102d pushed on to the Elbe, meeting little resistance. Breitenfeld fell, 15 April, and the Division outposted the Elbe River, 48 miles from Berlin, its advance halted on orders. It patrolled and maintained defensive positions until the end of hostilities in Europe, then moved to Gotha for occupational duty.

 

ARRIVAL BACK IN THE UNITED STATES

11 March 1946, New York Port of Embarkation. 

 
 

 

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